Democracy in Open Agent Systems
What sort of democracies are open agent societies? We present three normative models of democracy from political philosophy and consider their relevance for open multi-agent systems: democracy as wise rule by an elite; democracy as the exercise of rational consumer choices by voters; and democracy as deliberative decision-making by citizens. We consider the implications of these different models for the design of open systems, in terms of the communications language, the interaction protocol, and the conflict-resolution mechanism used by the agents involved. We also consider the issue of verifiability of the internal semantics of communications languages, and argue that a model of agent democracy based on deliberative democracy provides the basis for a form of verifiability which is stronger than a social semantics. Keywords:Agent communications languages, deliberative democracy, open agent systems, political philosophy, philosophical foundations, rational choice, rationality, social semantics.[Full Paper]
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